How Doctors Diagnose Bladder Stones in Dogs

Bladder stones in dogs can eventually become a severe medical concern if not addressed right away. Owners who suspect that their dogs are suffering from this condition should see their vets immediately so that ample medication can be provided to their pets.

Veterinarians perform several medical procedures to determine whether or not your dog is suffering from bladder stones or from something else. Diagnosis is important so that the proper medication and the right diet will be carried out. Here are the procedures that your veterinarian may perform:

1. Urinalysis.

Urinalysis is the process of extracting a small amount of urine from your pet and studying it under a microscope. The vet is actually looking for remnants of the stone in the urine. Bladder stones are formed when excess minerals in the dog's body solidify. Sometimes, a small part of the stone would go along the dog's urine. The mineral content of the urine will also give your vet an idea as what kind of medication your pet needs.

2. Urine Culture.

Urine culture is the process of checking the bacteria content of the urine. While bacteria may not be the direct cause of bladder stones, they could be very much involved in the formation of the stones. Vets have to look into this matter because they have to eliminate the cause of pain as simple urinary tract infection and not bladder stones. While these two diseases showing similar symptoms, the main cause of the problem is different. As such, different methods of treatment are required for each.

3. Sensitivity Test.

Sensitivity tests pertains to the process of checking which antibiotics your dogs can tolerate and which one are most effective to dissolve the bladder stone present inside them. If bacteria are indeed involved, vets should also find out whether or not the antibiotics they will prescribe can control their proliferation.

4. Radiography.

Radiography means x-ray in layman's terms. A lot of bladder stones appear vividly on the films of an x-ray. If and when they do, veterinarians are more or less sure that the stones are made of either calcium oxalate or struvite. Therefore, they can write up the necessary medicines and the diet that would facilitate the dissolution of these stones.

5. Ultrasound.

Ultrasound is another diagnostic method for bladder stones. Veterinarians use ultrasound if and when the stone can't be seen through an x-ray. Also, ultrasound gives a more precise vision of the stone, including its relation to the nearby organs.

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